National Fire Risk Assessment Centre

Consolidation of the many and varied strands of fire legislation, led to the introduction of The Regulatory Reform Fire Safety Order 2005, which had major implications for UK business. In England and in Wales Article 9 of the regulatory Reform (Fire safety) Order 2005 (the Fire safety Order) requires that the responsible person, on whom the Fire safety Order imposes requirements, must make a suitable and sufficient assessment of the risks to which relevant persons are exposed for the purpose of identifying the general fire precautions he/she needs to comply with the requirements and prohibitions imposed on him/her by or under the fire safety order . 
Our aim is to communicate these changes, clearly and confidently to businesses to make them fully aware of their legal obligations.
To summarise the order:-
  • Fire Certificates are no longer issued via Fire Brigade Authorities
  • Building occupiers are responsible for their own fire safety, and as such must conduct a fire risk assessment
  • The responsible person will take full corporate liability
  • Risk assessments must be documented if 5 or more persons are employed
  • There is a greater emphasis on prevention of fire and the effectiveness of fire equipment and systems
  • The Fire Brigade’s Authority will be enforcing the Order’s requirements
Your local fire authority will need to be satisfied with your fire safety measures. If major problems are found, the fire authority might restrict use of your premises or close them altogether until the problems have been dealt with.

Prosecutions are often issued, when fire safety regulations are ignored.

 Hotel in Blackpool - £9,000 fines for breach of fire safety, including failure to complete a fire risk assessment, failing to provide adequate fire training to staff and failure to maintain the fire equipment and systems
Nightclub in East London - £41,000 fines for 12 breaches of fire safety, including fire doors wedged open, no clear escape route and an exit staircase obstructed by rubbish.
Restaurant in East London was fined £27,000 for insufficient fire equipment provision.
Clothes Store was fined £15,000 for 9 breaches of fire safety, including lack of lighting on exit route, faults to the fire alarm system and locked shut exit door.
For more information please see

Who is responsible, the landlord or tenant
 The building occupier is responsible and must have a risk assessment to protect their employees. In a multi-occupancy building, it is the landlord’s responsibility to ensure that their tenants have a risk assessment in place by com. It is the landlord’s responsibility to complete a risk assessment within the common areas of the building. 
Paying Guests?
If you have paying guests then the Fire Safety Order applies to you. For detailed information about your premises providing sleeping accommodation, you can download a copy for free from Additional information is available from:-


The Bed & Breakfast Association

British Hospitality Association

National Fire Risk Assessment Centre, Wistons Lane, Elland, HX5 9DS.
T.0845 602 8170
Company Registration Number: 276465
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